SAT标点符号考题分析

2020-04-28  正领国际教育  
关于SAT考试的标点符号和单词,许多概念都有问题,这些概念通常存在一些误区。 以下是一个例子: Most people are familiar with the idea of a gender pay 1gap.

关于SAT考试的标点符号和单词,许多概念都有问题,这些概念通常存在一些误区。

 

以下是一个例子:

Most people are familiar with the idea of a gender pay 1gap. What most people don't realize is just how persistent that pay gap has been.

1. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?

A) gap; what

B) gap: what

C) gap, however,

D) gap—what

 

下面是解决这个问题的办法:

首先,重要的是要注意这个问题。题目中要求是not be acceptable,因此我们需要找到一个无效的答案。

同时,让我们逐步进行。选项里的答案有什么变化?对了,就是标点符号。A选项用的是分号,B选项用冒号,C选项用逗号,D选项用破折号。在单词间隙和什么之间使用垂直线测试。Most people are familiar with the idea of a gender pay这句话是完整的,What most people don't realize is just how persistent that pay gap has been这后半句也是完整的。因此,我们需要句号或者分号,或者类似表示终止的标点符号。

选择(A)和(B)绝对可以提供我们想要的标点符号。选项(D)看起来并不像它,但请记住!但是是FANBOYS之一,而逗号+ FANBOYSSTOP标点符号的形式之一!因此,唯一在上下文中不通顺的是(C),因此这是不可接受的选择。

请注意,NOT”一词在此问题中的重要性。如果您错过了它,您可能会认为问题有三个正确答案!

 

 

 

下面以另一个题目为例子:

The size of the gap may have narrowed, but we still have a long way to go.

2. Which of the following substitutions would be LEAST acceptable?

A) magnitude

B) proportion

C) vastness

D) immensity

 

以下我们分析怎么解决这个问题

同样,该问题要求least acceptable,因此请找到并排除掉可行的答案。在这种情况下,我们需要的含义与该句子中使用的单词大小相似。在不同的上下文中,这四个词的含义都与大小相似,但是我们想要的是指差距有多大,因此(A),(C)和(D)可以起作用。

选项(B)确实给出了word size的同义词,但是它的含义更像是dimension而不是largeness,因此它是最不可接受的选项。

让我们看一下另一个涉及我们之前所见主题的主题。

The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates. The fact that it has gained such traction makes us wonder why isn't there more significant action to combat the gender pay gap.3

3. Which of the following gives the best way to combine these two sentences?

A) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates; the fact that it has gained such traction makes us wonder why isn't there more significant action to combat the gender pay gap.

B) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates, which raises the question of why more isn't being done to combat the gap.

C) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates: this fact of more public attention raises a serious question of why more isn't being done to close that gap.

D) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates. Why isn't more being done to combat the gap?

 

以下是解决办法:

这个问题要求我们把两个句子结合起来。你可能立即被(D)吸引,这是最简洁的选择。只有一个问题:(D)没有回答问题!这个问题要求组合句子,而(D)缩短了句子,但没有将它们结合在一起。

因此,选项(B)是最佳选择。与(A)和(C)组合句子不同,它结合了句子并略微缩短了句子,但是除了改变标点符号外,实际上并没有做太多其他事情。

 

 

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