托福阅读题型—推理题

2019-12-07  正领国际教育  
这是一系列TOEFL阅读问题类型的一部分。在这篇文章中,我们将讨论阅读中的“推理”问题。 推论问题要求你利用段落中的信息做出新的结论,进行逻辑上的假设和联系。

 

这是一系列TOEFL阅读问题类型的一部分。在这篇文章中,我们将讨论阅读中的“推理”问题。

 

推论问题要求你利用段落中的信息做出新的结论,进行逻辑上的假设和联系。换句话说,一个推理问题会要求你选择间接给出的信息,而不是直接在段落中陈述的信息。这种类型的问题通常在问题提示中包含诸如“ 暗示 ”,“ 建议 ”或“ 推断 ”之类的词。 

 

让我们看一个推理问题的例子:

 

The body that impacted Earth at the end of the Cretaceous period was a meteorite with a mass of more than a trillion tons and a diameter of at least 10 kilometers. Scientists first identified this impact in 1980 from the worldwide layer of sediment deposited from the dust cloud that enveloped the planet after the impact. This sediment layer is enriched in the rare metal iridium and other elements that are relatively abundant in a meteorite but very rare in the crust of Earth. Even diluted by the terrestrial material excavated from the crater, this component of meteorites is easily identified. By 1990 geologists had located the impact site itself in the Yucatán region of Mexico. The crater, now deeply buried in sediment, was originally about 200 kilometers in diameter.

 

问题:Which of the following can be inferred from the paragraph about the location of the meteorite impact in Mexico? 

 

A. The location of the impact site in Mexico was kept secret by geologists from 1980 to 1990.

 

B. It was a well-known fact that the impact had occurred in the Yucatán region.

 

C. Geologists knew that there had been an impact before they knew where it had occurred.

 

D. The Yucatán region was chosen by geologists as the most probable impact site because of its climate.

 

[C]是正确的答案。
[A]没有提到地质学家将此事件保密,因此我们可以排除A。
[B]直到这段时间的后来,才发现尤卡坦半岛是该地点,也就是说它并不知名,因此我们可以排出B。
[D]在发现过程中,气候没有被列为因素,因此答案D也可以排除。
[C]选择C是最佳选择,正如我们从主要思想中的注释中看到的那样,碰撞发生在1980年,地质学家直到1990年才找到该区域。

 

如何回答推理问题?

这些问题不仅需要英语技能,还需要逻辑思维。这是回答推理问题的5条提示:

 

1. 仔细阅读问题并了解你的要求

2. 确保你了解整个段落的主要思想

3. 排除法

如果答案超出了段落中的信息范围,则答案是错误的。换句话说,你不能仅根据段落进行真正的推断,你必须使用逻辑思维。

4. 注意包含极端语言的答案,例如永远,永远,从不,全部,完全,完全或极端短语,例如“这是唯一的(x)”或“这是(y)的极限”等等。 它们用作陷阱,并且经常不正确。

5.注意只回答段落中重复的单词,而不回答问题。这些答案看起来很吸引人,因为它们包含你在文章中看到的词汇。但是,如果仔细阅读它们,它们是不正确的!

 

 

 

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